According to WHO, Diabetes is said to be the worst disease and is affecting 347 million people around the globe. Nowadays Diabetes is extremely common as it is a cause of various health issues like continuous weight loss, Visualization problems, etc.
For that purpose, most people started taking artificial sweeteners so that they can consume less sugar because sugar is the main cause of diabetes as well as other issues like weight gain, etc.
Artificial sweeteners are also commonly available in manufactured food products and on the shelves of grocery stores since they are a desirable option to reduce the amount of sugar and calories in food.
In reality, studies show that over the past few decades, the consumption of artificial sweeteners has increased by 200% in children and by 54% in adults.
But here the question is are artificial sweeteners Harmless? OR Artificial sweeteners are healthier alternatives to sugar? What artificial sweeteners are, how they may harm your health, and advice on how to balance them in your diet are all covered in this article.
What are Artificial Sweeteners?
Chemicals called artificial sweeteners or sugar replacements are used to give some foods and beverages a sweet flavor
Because they have a flavor that is comparable to table sugar but up to several thousand times sweeter, people frequently refer to them as “strong sweeteners.”
Despite the fact that some sweeteners have calories, the quantity required to sweeten items means that you end up eating essentially no calories.
Artificial sweeteners like Stevia and sural are the substitute for Table sugar and are used by people around the globe. Here in this article, we will discuss are artificial sweeteners healthy or are artificial sweeteners safe to consume.
Most of the studies show that it is harmless but some of them also said that it has multiple side effects. So let us discuss here the pros and cons of artificial sweeteners.
Pros of Artificial Sweeteners
Before taking artificial sweeteners most people think that are artificial sweeteners harmless. Let us tell you the healthy benefits of artificial sweeteners.
Artificial sweeteners don’t have carbs in them so, unlike sugar, it does not cause blood sugar levels to rise. But keep in mind if you are diabetic, then ask your doctor before using any sugar replacement. So diabetes and artificial sweeteners are linked.
The calories in artificial sweeteners are quite low. A can of sweetened cola with 10 teaspoons of added sugar has around 160 calories in comparison to a teaspoon of sugar has about 16 calories.
Products sweetened with artificial sweeteners may be a tempting choice if you’re trying to lose weight or prevent weight gain, though it’s unclear if they work well for long-term weight loss. So in the safety of artificial sweeteners, weight loss is another benefit.
Cons of Artificial Sweeteners
Despite the fact that artificial sweeteners are a good substitute, especially for diabetic patients but still there are dangers of artificial sweeteners. Let us discuss them in detail.
According to some studies, artificial sweeteners may trigger reward pathways in the brain that lead to an increase in appetite rather than a decrease. In comparison to glucose (sugar) or water, this review found that aspartame consumption was linked to increased calorie intake, hunger, and sugar cravings.
Since they don’t contain calories, most individuals believe that artificial sweeteners will aid in weight loss or weight management. Nevertheless, one study that tracked older Americans for nearly 10 years discovered a correlation between greater diet soda consumption and an increase in abdominal obesity, or body fat around the waist and stomach.
Children in primary school who consumed the most diet drink had a higher body mass index, according to a two-year study (BMI). The relationship between artificial sweeteners and weight gain is still being studied.
Uncontrollably high blood sugar
Artificial sweeteners raise blood levels of insulin while not raising blood sugar levels. The pancreas misinterprets them for sugar due to their sweet flavor and responds by secreting insulin to assist reduce blood sugar levels.
Regularly elevated insulin levels can eventually cause type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance due to a decline in insulin receptor function.
Artificial sweeteners and metabolic syndrome
A group of illnesses together referred to as metabolic syndrome include high blood pressure, excessive blood sugar, extra belly fat, and abnormal cholesterol levels.
Your risk of developing chronic illnesses like type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke is increased by these disorders.
According to certain research, the use of diet soda may increase the risk of metabolic syndrome by up to 36%. Better research, however, claims that diet soda either has no effect or a protective one
One recent study required overweight and obese participants to consume a quarter Gallo liter) of semi-skimmed milk, regular soda, diet soda, or water every day.
Artificial sweeteners and cancer
Few studies show that intake of an excessive amount of artificial sweeteners can increase cancer risk. Extensive studies have failed to show a cancer link with artificial sweeteners. So if you are taking sweeteners as a substitute in a limited amount then the risk of cancer can be reduced.
Increased risk for stroke and dementia
According to a 2017 study, drinking artificially sweetened Coke increased the risk of stroke and dementia in older persons.
That’s all! Artificial sweeteners have gained popularity as a sugar alternative among those trying to cut back on calories or sugar. However, eating them may have certain negative side effects.
Additional study is still required to determine the precise nature of their effects on our bodies. But for now, we can give you a clear answer about are artificial sweeteners harmless.
But keep in mind if you are diabetic, then replace your table sugar with artificial sweeteners so that you can control your sugar level.